What is the biggest cat in history
The smallest wild cat
The smallest wild cat is the rust cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus). It occurs only in southern India and Sri Lanka. Their body length is between 35 and 48 centimeters, the tail length varies between twelve and 25 centimeters.
A female can weigh up to 1.1 kilograms, the male between 1.5 and 1.6 kilograms.
Scientists suspect that the rust cat was displaced by the larger bengal cat from many of its original habitats on the Indian subcontinent because of its small size.
On the other hand, there are no Bengal cats on Sri Lanka, which is why the largest population of these small cats exists on the island. Rust cats are extremely shy and nocturnal hunters who, despite their good climbing skills, usually stay on the ground.
The biggest cat
The largest living big cat is the Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica). When fully grown, a male animal (measured from the tip of the nose to the tip of the tail) measures 2.70 to 3.30 meters and weighs 180 to 300 kilograms.
The female is at least 2.40 to 2.75 meters (weight 100 to 167 kilograms). The shoulder height is 99 to 107 centimeters.
The Siberian tiger is an absolute loner. Only at the mating season do males and females meet, after which they go their separate ways again.
Due to its coat color, it is optimally adapted to its habitat in the forests of Siberia. Both in sunlight and in winter it is perfectly camouflaged in the bushes by its stripes.
By the way: Tigers prove that many cats are not as afraid of water as is generally claimed. The largest big cats even love swimming.
The best long jumpers
This category is occupied by the puma and the snow leopard. The puma, which lives in North and South America, can reach up to 11.70 meters on the ground. From the ground he can jump to a height of 5.40 meters. Among other things, he was highly respected by the Indians because of these properties.
Originally, the puma was widespread across America. Only the white settlers saw it as a food competitor and almost wiped out the aesthetic big cat.
But his adaptability benefited him. The puma occupies almost all habitats on the American continent, from the coniferous forests in northern Canada to the expanses of the prairie to tropical rainforests.
Today the populations have largely recovered and the puma is more common again.
In terms of jumping power, the puma is only surpassed by the snow leopard. He was observed while leaping across a trench 15 meters wide. The phrase "just a stone's throw away" takes on a completely new dimension.
To what extent this eyewitness report is true remains to be seen. Nonetheless, the snow leopard is an excellent and powerful climbing expert. In its habitat, the high mountains of Central Asia, these properties are extremely important.
Due to the beauty and rarity of its fur, its population is in great danger. Poachers keep targeting the snow leopards despite severe penalties.
In traditional Chinese medicine, its bones are also said to have great healing properties.
The most unusual look
The flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps) seems to be a candidate for this category. It is found in Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia and Brunei, reaches about the size of a house cat and has a flat, broad head with a high receding forehead.
The unusually small ears are on the sides of the head, while the closely spaced eyes are disproportionately large.
The flat head cat feeds on fish, frogs and other aquatic animals. This type of cat is extremely threatened. It was declared extinct in 1985, but was rediscovered in the 1990s.
Since the flat-headed cat is very rare in the wild, little research has been carried out into it. For example, reports that flat-headed cats love fruit and even dig up sweet potatoes have not been scientifically proven.
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