Porus was a brahmin
Alexander's conquest of the "Brahmin" cities
I strongly advise you to read the famous and widely read and revered books on ancient India by:
- Romila Thapar (Marxist in Views)
- AL Basham (non-partisan)
You can also refer to the bibliography on Wikipedia's Indian Campaign of Alexander the Great page.
In earlier times India ran from the Hindukush Mountains (Afghanistan) to the Himalayas and from the Himalayas to Kanyakumari. So today's Pakistan was also part of India.
In this context, "Brahmin cities" means "the cities of the people who followed the Vedic traditions".
What is special about Indian society to this day is the caste system. The caste was based on birth and one must work according to one's caste. The caste can also have a sub-caste. For example, the Maratha caste has Kunbi-Maratha as a sub-caste. All sets are summarized in four varnas:
- Brahmin (priest): caste e.g. Pancha-Gauda. (It's one of the department)
- Kshatriya (warrior): caste eg: marathas.
- Vaishya (trader): caste eg: Maheshwaris.
- Shudra (workers and slaves): caste eg: Mahars.
Sometimes the term "Vedic culture" is used interchangeably with "Brahmanic culture". That is why villages or towns that followed Vedic traditions were called "Brahmin villages".
In India there was it (the caste system was created by the Articles 15 to 18 - Indian constitution officially abolished) a very strong caste-based society. But there were never separate villages for different castes . It however, gave separate parts of the same village for separate castes . Only the Shudras or Chandals live outside the villages, but not in separate villages.
Even if the single box city existed in ancient India, it is very rare, almost negligible.
So there is no question that the practice of single caste town is going out of style. However, it is a matter of the caste system itself that goes out of style. There is no longer any caste classification according to Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra.
Today, instead of asking boxes, people ask, "Who are you, Open, OBC, ST-SC, or NT" based on reservation guidelines.
Although there are many caste problems, largely due to electoral politics, the caste system is on the verge of being eliminated thanks to the Indian Constitutional Fathers.
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