Low carbohydrates are good for diabetics

carbohydrates

What are carbohydrates and what do i need them for?
Which foods contain carbohydrates?
What are BEs?

What are carbohydrates and what do i need them for?

Carbohydrates are sugars. There are different forms of carbohydrates that are digested at different rates. All carbohydrates provide 400 kcal per 100 grams. Carbohydrates provide the body with energy and contribute around half (50-60%) to the energy intake of a balanced diet. Only when there is an excess of energy (positive energy balance) does the body convert the excess energy from carbohydrates into fat deposits. People with diabetes who need insulin need to calculate the carbohydrate portion of their food in order to inject insulin accordingly.

Which foods contain carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are naturally found primarily in plant-based foods, i.e. in vegetables and fruit, legumes (beans, peas), rice and grains (pasta, bread). But dairy products (milk, yoghurt, quark) also naturally contain small amounts of carbohydrates. In the form of single and multiple sugars (e.g. table sugar, honey), carbohydrates are also found in sweets, sweetened beverages, sweet bread spreads and many other products in which you would not expect them, such as ketchup, ready-made salad dressings or canned vegetables. It is worth taking a look at the list of ingredients and the nutritional table to identify sugar traps.

What are BEs?

"BE" is the abbreviation for bread unit. This is important for people with type 1 diabetes and insulin-dependent type 2 diabetes in order to calculate the amount of insulin they need. Read here what you need BEs for and how to calculate them.

[Status: September 2017, KR]

Swell:

DGE, “Selected Questions and Answers on Energy Supply”, June 2015
DGE, DGE position "Guide values ​​for energy intake from carbohydrates and fat", Bonn, January 2011