Which continent has the most dangerous animals?
Dangerous animals Australia: crocodiles, sharks, snakes & Co
Dangerous animals in Australia are not uncommon and spread across the entire continent. The most feared animals are probably the giant saltwater crocodiles and great white sharks. The often small and inconspicuous poisonous animals such as snakes, spiders, scorpions, jellyfish, fish and snails pose no less of a risk. Despite some terrifying reports in the media, there is no need to panic. Deaths are very rare. With correct behavior and the observance of safety precautions and warning notices, the risk of being harmed by poisonous and dangerous animals in Australia is relatively low.
Dangerous animals on land and in the water
Of the crocodile species, the saltwater crocodile (also known as saltwater crocodile or saltie for short) is particularly dangerous for humans. Adult specimens can reach a length of up to 8 meters. The saltwater crocodile loves the brackish water of coastal waters, swamps and estuaries. In the murky water it is perfectly camouflaged and hardly recognizable. When attacking, it grabs its victim and tries to pull it underwater with a strong, continuous rotational movement. In addition to losing blood from injured or severed body parts, there is also a risk of drowning. The smaller, up to 3 meters long freshwater crocodile (or freshie) is considered to be rather harmless to humans. It is shy and withdraws from people, unless you corner it, approach its clutch or offspring.
Dangerous sharks include the tiger shark, the great white shark, the bull shark, the great hammerhead shark and various reef sharks. Sharks are wrongly decried as killers because of the sensational depiction in the media. Attacks usually only occur through provocation and mix-ups, but not through pure aggressiveness. In addition to sharks and crocodiles, a number of other animal species can also become dangerous for humans. However, this is only triggered by human error. If you get too close to animals, try to touch them, corner them, block their escape routes and get close to their clutches or their offspring, even dingo or cassowaries can attack and cause injuries.
Poisonous, dangerous animals in Australia are also found on land and in water. The snakes are one of the most poisonous land dwellers. Inland Taipan, King Brown Snake, Eastern Taipan, Eastern Tiger Snake, Tiger Snake, Black Tiger Snake, Death Adder and the Western Brown Snake are even among the most venomous snakes in the world. The Sydney funnel web spider (Funnelweb Spider) and the Redback Spider (Redback Spider) are the two most dangerous spiders of the approximately 30 poisonous spider species Down Unders. Also very painful, but usually not really dangerous to health, are the stings of the up to 3 cm long giant ants (bull ants) and the bites of the centipede.
The box jellyfish, which include the deadly sea wasp and the tiny Irukandji jellyfish, almost invisible in the water, are among the most poisonous marine life. They pull long tentacles covered with nettle cells that cause serious injuries if they come into contact with the skin. The consequences are severe pain, burns, paralysis and possibly even death. The 30 species of sea snake in Australia have extremely powerful, potentially deadly venom. Also not to be underestimated are the Portuguese galley floating on the surface of the water, the eye-catching blue-ringed octopus, the well-camouflaged stone fish and the cone shell that lives in a mussel.
Precautions & First Aid
Prevention is the best protection. For this reason, warning notices and signs must always be followed and taken seriously. You should only go swimming in the designated areas, as there are usually protective nets against jellyfish and sharks. One should never go into cloudy water and always be careful on river banks and in swamp areas. Strong clothing and shoes as well as noisy behavior are the best protection against poisonous rural dwellers. Piles of wood, hollow branches, leaves or grass are potential hiding places for many poisonous animals in Australia. It is therefore advisable not to rashly reach into any nests. It is also advisable never to corner animals.
If something does happen, get medical treatment as soon as possible. The first aid measure for bleeding wounds is to stop the bleeding by pressing the wound or applying a pressure bandage. Pressure bandages are also applied above the bite site in the event of poisonous bites. Under no circumstances should the poison be aspirated. If possible, one should memorize the appearance of the animal well. The best first aid measure for injuries caused by jellyfish is to pour vinegar over the affected areas, which is available under the warning signs on many beaches.
All animals at a glance
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